Pernicious Anemia

Pernicious Anemia

Introduction Pernicious anemia is an autoimmune disease where the body attacks the parietal cells found in the stomach lining. This attack cripples the production of intrinsic factor, a protein crucial for vitamin B12 absorption. The resulting B12 deficiency disrupts...
Vitamin B12 Deficiency Anemia

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Anemia

Introduction Vitamin B12, also known as Cobalamin, is an essential nutrient that plays a vital role in numerous bodily functions. It’s involved in DNA synthesis, red blood cell production, and maintaining a healthy nervous system. Vitamin B12, is a complex B...
Blood Collection Tube Types

Blood Collection Tube Types

Introduction Blood tests are a cornerstone of modern medicine, providing vital information for diagnosis, monitoring treatment, and overall health assessment. However, the accuracy of these tests hinges heavily on proper blood collection technique and the use of the...
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)

Introduction Lymphomas, particularly Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL), are one of the most common types of cancers. They represent a considerable portion of diagnosed cancers, making them a major focus area in oncology research and treatment. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a...